Tent Waterproof Rating Guide: Staying High and Dry

By: Derek Vitiello | Last Updated on May 2, 2024

Water can be a camper’s best friend, but sometimes it’s our greatest adversary. Nothing dampens the spirit of an outdoor adventure quite like the unexpected seeping of moisture through your tent’s fabric during a heavy downpour. But, with today’s technological advancements, tents have been engineered to stand up to the rain, sleet, and snow.

Enter the world of hydrostatic head ratings—a metric that determines just how waterproof that cozy shelter of yours is. In this comprehensive guide, we’ll dive deep into the intricacies of tent waterproofing, helping you decode the numbers and make informed decisions for your next outdoor escapade.

What is a Hydrostatic Head Rating?

A hydrostatic head rating measures a tent’s waterproof capabilities, quantifying how much water pressure the fabric can withstand before it starts to leak. It’s determined by the height (in millimeters) of a column of water the fabric can support without letting moisture seep through.

To delve deeper, the hydrostatic head test involves holding a sample of the tent material taut while water is gradually added to a column above it. The height at which the water begins to push through the material gives the hydrostatic head rating. A higher number indicates better waterproofing. For example, a rating of 1,500mm means the fabric can hold a column of water that’s 1,500 millimeters tall without any water seeping through. While this metric is crucial for tents, it’s also used for other outdoor equipment, ensuring adventurers are equipped to face varying wet conditions.

Note: some other terms that are interchangeable with hydrostatic head include the following. They have the same inherent meaning, but may be used in diferent regions or on different websites.

  • Waterproof Rating
  • HH or H/H (short for Hydrostatic Head)
  • Water Resistance Rating
  • Water Pressure Rating
  • Water Column

How Are Waterproof Ratings Determined?

The science of determining a tent’s waterproof rating isn’t just about splashing water and seeing if it seeps in. It’s a meticulously calibrated process that simulates real-world conditions, ensuring that when you’re caught in nature’s downpour, your shelter stands firm.

The most standard method, as previously touched upon, revolves around the hydrostatic head test. Here, a section of the tent material is stretched below a transparent tube. This tube is then filled with water, creating pressure on the fabric below. As the water level—and thus the pressure—rises, testers keenly observe for the first signs of water penetration. The height, measured in millimeters, at which the water starts seeping through the fabric gives the hydrostatic head rating. The greater the height before leakage, the more waterproof the material.

However, waterproof ratings don’t just stop at this test. Other factors also come into play. Seam construction, zippers, vents, and other tent features can influence the overall waterproof capability of a tent. For a tent to truly be considered waterproof, it must not only have a high hydrostatic head rating for its fabric but also adequately address these other potential points of water entry.

Different Tent Waterproof Ratings Explained

It’s important to note that while the hydrostatic head rating gives a clear indication of the material’s waterproof capability, other tent features, such as seams and zippers, play a vital role in overall performance. Always consider the tent’s full design and features alongside its hydrostatic head rating when assessing its suitability for specific conditions.

Hydrostatic Head Rating (mm)Waterproof LevelBest Use for Tents
0 – 1,000MinimalSuitable for light drizzles and dry conditions; not ideal for heavy rain.
1,000 – 1,500ModerateGood for short trips and summer camping where heavy rain is unlikely.
1,500 – 3,000WaterproofSuitable for regular campers facing varied weather conditions, including moderate rain.
3,000 – 5,000Highly WaterproofIdeal for those expecting heavier rains or extended trips in more unpredictable climates.
5,000 and aboveExpedition GradeBuilt for extreme conditions; excellent for challenging environments and prolonged heavy rain.
A table comparing the hydrostatic head rating of a tent and its corresponding waterproof level and best intended use.

Additional Factors to Enhance Tent Waterproofness

While the hydrostatic head rating provides a pivotal measure of a tent’s ability to repel water, it’s just one piece of the puzzle when it comes to overall waterproofness. Other elements work hand-in-hand with this rating to ensure your shelter remains dry, even in the most challenging conditions.

A crucial factor is the seam construction and treatment. Tents, by design, involve stitching multiple pieces of fabric together, and each stitch can potentially become a point of entry for water. To combat this, many tents come with taped or sealed seams. The application of seam sealer, either from the manufacturer or as periodic maintenance by the camper, can substantially prevent leaks. Furthermore, the design of the tent’s fly, groundsheet, and even the quality and type of zippers can influence how well a tent can ward off rain. Vents that allow for air circulation without letting water in, as well as rain-resistant doors or vestibules, enhance a tent’s capability to keep its occupants dry. Reinforced corners and strategic design can also channel water away rather than letting it pool.

In essence, while the hydrostatic head rating offers a foundational insight into a tent’s waterproof potential, the collective sum of its features and treatments truly determine its ability to stand against the elements.

Tips for Maintaining and Extending Tent Waterproof Rating

Ensuring that your tent remains a reliable barrier against the elements isn’t just a matter of starting with the right hydrostatic head rating; it also requires ongoing maintenance and care. By taking proactive measures, you can not only maintain the tent’s initial waterproof rating but even extend its lifespan and performance.

  1. Regular Inspection: Before and after each camping trip, take some time to inspect your tent. Look out for any signs of wear, particularly on the seams, as these are often the first places to show signs of potential leaks. Tiny holes or fraying threads can be early indicators that a section of your tent needs attention.
  2. Reapply Seam Sealer: Even if your tent came with factory-sealed seams, these can degrade over time. Consider reapplying seam sealer annually, or whenever you notice the existing sealant peeling or flaking off.
  3. Clean with Care: After each camping excursion, ensure you clean your tent. However, it’s crucial to avoid harsh detergents or brushes. Instead, use a mild soap and a soft cloth or sponge. Dirt and debris can wear down the waterproof coating over time, so gentle cleaning can help maintain its integrity.
  4. UV Protection: While not directly related to waterproofing, the sun’s UV rays can degrade tent fabric, making it more susceptible to leaks. Using a UV protective spray can guard against this, and pitching your tent in shaded areas when possible can also be beneficial.
  5. Storage: Always ensure your tent is completely dry before storing it. Packing away a damp or wet tent can result in mold or mildew growth, both of which can degrade the material and its waterproof qualities. Store it loosely in a cool, dry place, avoiding tightly compressed storage bags for extended periods.

By adopting these practices, campers can ensure they make the most of their tent’s waterproof rating, extending its efficacy and enjoying many more dry nights in the outdoors.


The art of keeping dry during camping adventures goes beyond just picking a tent with an impressive hydrostatic head rating. While this measurement is a valuable indicator of waterproofness, the longevity and efficacy of your tent’s shield against the elements depend largely on understanding the nuances of waterproof ratings, the additional factors contributing to waterproofness, and the essential maintenance steps.

With the right knowledge and care, you can ensure that your camping experience remains comfortable and dry, no matter the challenges nature might throw your way. So, the next time you’re preparing for a camping trip, remember that the best defense against the unpredictable is an informed and proactive approach to tent waterproofing.


What is a good waterproof rating for a tent?

A good waterproof rating for a tent typically ranges between 1,200mm to 3,000mm, providing adequate protection against moderate rain. Tents designed for extreme conditions may have ratings exceeding 5,000mm, ensuring protection against heavy rainfall and persistent wet conditions.

Is 2000mm waterproof enough for a tent?

Yes, a 2,000mm waterproof rating for a tent is considered sufficient for most general camping situations. This rating indicates that the tent can handle moderate rain and occasional downpours without letting water seep through.

What is the 1200mm waterproof rating?

A 1200mm waterproof rating means that the tent fabric can withstand a 1,200mm or 1.2-meter column of water before any moisture penetrates. While suitable for light rain and drizzle, it might not be the best choice for extended periods of heavy rain or wet environments.

Is a tent with a higher waterproof rating always better?

Not necessarily. While a higher waterproof rating indicates better water resistance, it’s essential to balance other factors like breathability, weight, and intended use. A tent designed for desert camping might prioritize ventilation over extreme waterproofness, whereas a mountain tent would require a higher rating.

What does tent waterproof rating mean?

A tent’s waterproof rating, often measured in millimeters (mm), indicates how much water the tent fabric can resist before it starts to leak. The rating corresponds to the height of a water column the fabric can withstand without allowing water to penetrate, providing a measurable gauge of the tent’s ability to keep out rain and moisture.

Share on Social Media

Why Trust Know Nothing Nomads?

Since 2017, Know Nothing Nomads has cemented itself as the “approachable experts” in everything camping, hiking, climbing, and adventuring in the Great Outdoors.

With over 60 years of experience in the outdoors, we don’t just talk about outdoor gear or recommend a good hiking trail.

We USE the gear we talk about. We’ve hiked 1000’s of miles. We have camped 1000’s of nights in the wilderness. We have sent hundreds of boulders and projects.

We don’t just know a few things about the outdoors — WE EAT, SLEEP, AND BREATHE IT.

We are not journalists from a magazine telling someone else’s stories from behind a computer. We are the ACTUAL outdoorsmen that those people write about. 

We are not a “gear lab” that runs tests on gear in life-like conditions. We are the seasoned, “trial-by-fire” experts who have taken the gear into the wilderness and USED IT. Read about our gear testing process here

We started Know Nothing Nomads to share our passion and expertise with our readers to inspire, educate, and enable you to explore the outdoors in the way that we have. And you will be more equipped and capable than ever before with the knowledge you gain here guiding you along the way.

And the best part? We are real people that LOVE our readers and this community. If you need anything or have a question about any of the things we have to write about, just reach out. Normally, one of us can respond within 24 hours, sometimes within minutes. THAT is the approachable expert.

You should also know that advertising does not influence our gear reviews in any way, shape, or form, and it never will.

While we always focus our attention on gear that stands out to us—sometimes we discover that things aren’t up to our standards. This is exactly why we will always talk about the downfalls and compromises that we find while we are testing anything (If we find any).

About The Author

Derek, Co-Founder at Know Nothing Nomads

My goal with my writing and Know Nothing Nomads as a whole is to share my passions of hiking, camping, and a love of the outdoors with our readers.

Making the difficult and uncertain feel more approachable to people that might not know enough to feel comfortable taking their first steps into the wilderness is a driving factor for me.

When I'm not writing you can find me on a trail, in a forest, or next to a river with hiking shoes on my feet and a fly rod somewhere close by.

Related Posts

Hey there!

We are Derek and Ashley of Know Nothing Nomads. Whether it is hiking, camping, or just generally being outside, we love it. We are so happy that you have found our little blog and hope that you stick around a while. Feel free to contact us with any questions or get in touch with us on social media!


Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Know Nothing Nomads