Is Rock Climbing Dangerous?

By: Ashley Vitiello | Last Updated on December 22, 2023

Rock climbing is a thrilling and widely popular extreme sport that involves scaling steep rock faces, cliffs, and boulders using ropes, harnesses, and other safety equipment. While this activity may provide a sense of accomplishment and excitement, it is also inherently dangerous and poses significant risks. Climbers face numerous hazards, including falling, rockfall, equipment failure, and weather conditions. But by far, most injuries occur because of user error or a lack of knowledge and technique.

In this article, we will explore the perils of rock climbing and discuss ways to mitigate the associated risks. We will cover indoor and outdoor rock climbing, discuss the most common injuries related to each type, and suggest measures to ensure the safety of climbers.

How Dangerous Is Outdoor Rock Climbing?

Rock climbing in the outdoors can be an extremely high-risk sport if you don’t follow the proper safety measures. As stated earlier, falling, among other things, is one of the significant risks associated with rock climbing. Outdoor climbing can often involve harsher terrain, more elevation gain, and more variables you don’t have to worry about than indoor climbing.

But with adequate safety equipment, meticulous planning, and climbing skills, many risks can be mitigated. As they say, ‘Proper planning prevents piss poor performance.’

Bouldering Outdoors

Outdoor bouldering involves ascending short, challenging routes on boulders or small rock formations without ropes. Despite its seemingly lower risk compared to other types of climbing, it still can be dangerous.

As with all disciplines of rock climbing, falls are the leading cause of injury in bouldering, and even short ones can result in severe injuries like fractures or head trauma. Climbers must also be vigilant of the possibility of landing on uneven or sharp terrain and the danger of falling rocks.

Without ropes and harnesses, outdoor bouldering requires rock climbers to rely on their technique and use a crash pad for safety. And even though falls tend to be minor, having good fall technique and safety measures can make all the difference between falling safely, minor injuries, or a trip to the emergency room.

Can You Die While Bouldering Outdoors?

Although it is extremely rare, it is possible to die while bouldering outdoors. Falling from a significant height or landing awkwardly can lead to serious injury or death. Additionally, bouldering areas may have loose rock or unstable terrain, resulting in rock falls or other accidents. It is essential to take appropriate safety precautions, such as using crash pads, spotters, and proper climbing techniques to reduce the risk of injury while bouldering.

What Are the Most Common Bouldering Injuries Outdoors?

The most common injuries associated with bouldering include cuts and abrasions from rough rock surfaces, strains or sprains from overuse or improper technique, and injuries like twisted ankles from falling. Proper technique, appropriate safety equipment like crash pads, and a thorough understanding of the techniques involved are essential for avoiding or minimizing these injuries while bouldering outdoors. Climbers should always climb with a partner or in a group, carry a first aid kit, and seek medical attention immediately if they are seriously injured while climbing.

Sport Climbing Outdoors (Top Rope & Lead climbing)

Sport climbing is a popular form of rock climbing that involves ascending a route while clipping into pre-placed bolts along the way (lead climbing) or already having a rope looped over a top mount that your belayer tightens as you ascend (top roping). These types of climbing require more gear than bouldering and involve longer and more challenging routes.

What Are the Most Common Sport Climbing Injuries Outdoors?

The most common injuries associated with sport climbing outdoors result from falls, including broken bones, head injuries, and sprains or strains. Overuse injuries, such as tendinitis and stress fractures, can also occur due to the repetitive pressure on the hands, fingers, and arms. Other potential hazards include rockfall, gear failure, and exposure to the elements.

Good technique, proper safety equipment, and a thorough understanding of the risks involved are essential in minimizing these types of injuries while climbing. Climbers should always warm up, climb with other people, listen to their body to prevent overuse injuries, and should only climb in ideal weather conditions.

is rock climbing dangerous
Broken skin on your fingers can happen on rough rock.

Do New Climbers or Experienced Climbers Have More Accidents?

New climbers are often assumed to be at higher risk of accidents than climbers with more experience, but the reality is that all climbers can be at risk regardless of experience level. While new climbers may be more prone to making mistakes due to a lack of experience or knowledge, intermediate and advanced climbers may become complacent and take unnecessary risks. Some sources suggest that intermediate climbers may be more likely to suffer severe injuries than new climbers due to a false sense of confidence or a tendency to push themselves too hard.

Ultimately, the key to minimizing risk and avoiding accidents while climbing is proper training, safety equipment, and caution, regardless of skill level. New climbers should seek professional instruction and guidance, while experienced climbers should continue honing their skills and maintaining awareness of potential hazards.

So How Do I Avoid Injury When Falling?

Falling is an inevitable part of climbing, but there are steps you can take to minimize the risk of injury:

  • Always wear safety equipment such as helmets, harnesses, and climbing shoes.
  • Make sure that your gear is well-maintained and in good working condition.
  • Before climbing, scout the route and identify potential hazards such as loose rock, sharp edges, or uneven terrain.
  • Aim to land on your feet or as flat as possible when falling, and try to relax your body to absorb the impact. Rolling backward upon impact can also help reduce the risk of injury, but make sure you don’t extend your arms to stop the fall.
  • Practice sound judgment and decision-making while climbing.
  • Refrain from pushing yourself beyond your limits or attempting routes beyond your skill level.
  • To avoid overuse injuries, warm up, train properly, pay attention to your body, and take breaks as necessary.
  • Additionally, always climb with a partner or in a group, and communicate clearly to prevent miscommunication and mistakes.

How Dangerous Is Indoor Climbing?

Indoor climbing is often considered safer than outdoor climbing since it takes place in a controlled environment. However, there are still hazards to consider. This section will discuss two types of climbing at the local climbing gym: indoor bouldering and indoor sport climbing, each with its own set of potential injuries.

Indoor Bouldering

Indoor bouldering involves climbing on low walls without ropes or harnesses at a climbing gym. While it may seem less risky than outdoor climbing, indoor bouldering can still be dangerous if proper precautions are not taken.

It’s essential to warm up properly before climbing to minimize the risk of injury and to use proper technique when climbing and falling. Taking breaks and listening to your body to prevent overuse injuries is also important. Climbing with a climbing partner, or spotter, can make falls safer and they provide assistance in case of injury.

What Are the Most Common Bouldering Injuries Indoors?

The most common injuries associated with indoor bouldering include sprains, strains, and fractures, particularly in the fingers, wrists, and ankles. Overuse injuries like tendinitis can occur from frequent climbing without adequate rest and recovery time and sprains from improper fall technique can also occur.

A twisted ankle is a common bouldering and rock climbing injury caused by falling oandlanding improperly.

Indoor Sport Climbing

Indoor sport climbing involves climbers ascending a wall using a rope and a belayer or an auto-belay device. While it may seem less dangerous than outdoor climbing, indoor sport climbing can still pose some risks.

What Are the Most Common Sport Climbing Injuries Indoors?

The most common injuries associated with indoor sport climbing include strains, sprains, and fractures, particularly in the hands, wrists, and ankles. Falling is also a hazard in indoor sport climbing, and falls from high up on the wall can be particularly dangerous. Additionally, there is a risk of head injury if a climber falls and hits their head on the wall or floor.

To minimize the risk of injury, it’s essential to use proper technique when climbing and falling, use appropriate gear, and ensure that the rope is adequately secured. Climbers should also pay attention at all times and properly communicate with their belayer.

Has Anyone Died Sport Climbing Indoors?

While indoor climbing is generally considered safer than outdoor climbing, accidents and injuries happen. Tragically, there have been a few deaths related to indoor sport climbing.

Here are a few articles you can read:

If you don’t want to read these, know that the theme in these deaths is either complete accident, misuse of gear, or in sporadic cases, gear failure.

Risks in Rock Climbing

The dangers of rock climbing include:

  • Falls: Falling is the most significant danger in rock climbing. It can result in severe injury or even death. Make sure you use your equipment properly and that you communicate effectively with your spotter or belayer.
  • Equipment malfunction: Climbing gear such as ropes, harnesses, and carabiners can fail, leading to falls or other accidents. Inspecting all equipment carefully before each climb is essential to ensure it is in good condition.
  • Weather conditions: In alpine or mountainous areas, weather can be a significant hazard for climbers. Hot or cold temperatures, high winds, and precipitation can increase the risk of injury or death.
  • Rockfall: Falling rocks or debris can cause serious injury or death if climbers are not wearing helmets or sufficiently protected.
  • Overuse injuries: Climbing can stress the hands, arms, and other body parts, leading to overuse injuries such as tendonitis or strains. These injuries can be challenging for climbers to manage as they often require rest and rehabilitation to heal.
  • Dehydration: Climbing requires significant physical exertion and can lead to dehydration, which can cause fatigue, weakness, and other health problems.

Remember that these risks can be minimized with proper training, equipment, and risk management. Climbers should take appropriate safety measures and seek experienced instructors or guides when attempting new climbs or exploring unknown areas. By being aware of the risks and taking proactive steps to reduce them, climbers can enjoy this exciting activity safely and healthily.


How dangerous is rock climbing compared to other sports?

It is widely recognized that rock climbing carries inherent risks, which is why it is considered an extreme sport. However, it is challenging to compare the level of danger associated with rock climbing to that of other sports since the degree of risk involved can vary greatly depending on experience and the climber’s cautiousness.

Why is rock climbing dangerous?

Rock climbing poses various risks to the climbers due to the inherent nature of the activity. Some of the critical factors that contribute to the dangers of rock climbing are:
Falls from height: Falling from a height can cause serious injuries or even death, especially if the climber is not protected adequately by safety equipment.
Equipment failure: Climbing equipment can fail due to wear and tear or other factors, such as incorrect use or exposure to extreme conditions.
Environmental hazards: Rock climbing often takes place in remote, rugged terrain, which can pose additional dangers such as rockfall, avalanches, and extreme weather conditions

How many people die from rock climbing?

Obtaining precise figures on fatalities is challenging, but it is generally believed that North America has between 20 to 50 deaths per year. The key takeaways from this information are straightforward and not particularly groundbreaking:
Always wear a helmet.
Double-check your rappels and anchors.
Tie back-up knots.
Above all, avoid complacency.

Can you rock climb alone?

It is possible to rock climb alone, but it is not recommended. It is always best to climb with a partner and follow all recommended safety guidelines. Solo climbing is much more dangerous than climbing with a partner, as there is no one to help in the event of an accident. Additionally, some climbing areas may have regulations or guidelines prohibiting free soloing or climbing.

Why Trust Know Nothing Nomads?

Since 2017, Know Nothing Nomads has cemented itself as the “approachable experts” in everything camping, hiking, climbing, and adventuring in the Great Outdoors.

With over 60 years of experience in the outdoors, we don’t just talk about outdoor gear or recommend a good hiking trail.

We USE the gear we talk about. We’ve hiked 1000’s of miles. We have camped 1000’s of nights in the wilderness. We have sent hundreds of boulders and projects.

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We are not journalists from a magazine telling someone else’s stories from behind a computer. We are the ACTUAL outdoorsmen that those people write about. 

We are not a “gear lab” that runs tests on gear in life-like conditions. We are the seasoned, “trial-by-fire” experts who have taken the gear into the wilderness and USED IT. Read about our gear testing process here

We started Know Nothing Nomads to share our passion and expertise with our readers to inspire, educate, and enable you to explore the outdoors in the way that we have. And you will be more equipped and capable than ever before with the knowledge you gain here guiding you along the way.

And the best part? We are real people that LOVE our readers and this community. If you need anything or have a question about any of the things we have to write about, just reach out. Normally, one of us can respond within 24 hours, sometimes within minutes. THAT is the approachable expert.

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About The Author

Ashley is an adventurous soul who loves all things nature, especially warm sunshine, wildflowers, scenic snacking, and mushrooms. She is an avid outdoor enthusiast who has spent years enjoying time outside doing things like hiking, camping, and rock climbing.
Her goal with Know Nothing Nomads is to make these hobbies easily accessible through knowledgeable content and how-to's based on all the stuff she's learned on her journey. If she isn't writing an article, she's probably in a forest looking at big mountain views and tiny pieces of moss on the side of the trail.

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We are Derek and Ashley of Know Nothing Nomads. Whether it is hiking, camping, or just generally being outside, we love it. We are so happy that you have found our little blog and hope that you stick around a while. Feel free to contact us with any questions or get in touch with us on social media!


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