How to Cook Over a Campfire: 10 Easy Steps

By: Derek Vitiello | Last Updated on December 22, 2023

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The glow of a campfire, the aroma of woodsmoke, and the sizzle of a meal cooking over open flames – these are the hallmarks of a true outdoor experience. The art of cooking over a campfire is a blend of science and intuition, of understanding the heat, managing the flames, and knowing when and how to place each ingredient. It’s a dance that celebrates the natural world and connects the camper to the environment in a meaningful and delicious way.

In my years of exploring the wilderness, from the high alpine trails to the serene lakeside retreats, the campfire has been a constant companion. It has been a source of warmth, light, and camaraderie, but also a culinary tool that, with some skill and creativity, can rival even the most sophisticated kitchen appliances.

This journey into the world of campfire cooking explores not just the techniques and tools but also the joy and satisfaction that come from preparing and sharing a meal in the great outdoors. Whether it’s a simple foil packet dinner or a gourmet feast, the experience of cooking over a campfire enriches the soul and tantalizes the taste buds, turning ordinary camping trips into extraordinary culinary adventures.

10 Easy Steps to Cooking with a Campfire

  1. Plan Your Meals: Knowing what you’ll cook ahead of time lets you bring the right ingredients and tools, making the campfire cooking experience smoother and more enjoyable. Planning helps you balance quick, easy meals with more elaborate dishes to make the most of your outdoor culinary adventure.
  2. Food Prep at Home: Doing as much chopping, marinating, and other prep work at home as possible saves time and reduces the need for additional tools at the campsite. Prepped food is also easier to pack and carry.
  3. Start Early: Campfire cooking takes longer than typical kitchen cooking. Starting early ensures you have enough time to properly prepare and enjoy your meal without rushing, especially when daylight might be limited or when you’re really hungry after a long day.
  4. Build your Fire Properly: A well-built fire ensures consistent heat and better control over cooking temperatures. Understanding the wood types and how to structure the fire can make a huge difference in the cooking outcome.
  5. Let the Fire Heat Up with Hot Coals: Cooking over hot coals rather than open flames provides more even and controllable heat. Patience in letting the fire reach this stage pays off in better-cooked meals.
  6. Use the Right Gear: Having the appropriate tools, such as a sturdy grill grate, tongs, or a Dutch oven, allows for a wider range of cooking options and ensures that you can handle the food safely. As part of your meal planning (step #1), you should know what cookware you need.
  7. Don’t Forget Aluminum Foil: Foil is versatile, lightweight, and perfect for creating packets to cook individual servings or to wrap around food for even cooking. It’s a campfire cooking essential.
  8. Use the Right Cooking Method: Different dishes require different cooking techniques. Understanding whether to grill, roast, or simmer over the campfire ensures each dish is cooked to perfection.
  9. Have Water Nearby: Keeping water handy serves dual purposes: it’s useful for controlling the fire if it gets too hot, and it aids in cleaning utensils and cookware at the campsite. It’s also essential for putting the fire out at the end of night.
  10. Don’t Rely on a Fire – Bring a Camp Stove: While campfire cooking is an incredible experience, weather or campsite regulations might not always allow for a fire. Having a camp stove as a backup ensures you won’t go hungry and still can enjoy warm meals.

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Benefits of Campfire Cooking

Campfire cooking offers a deeply enriching and satisfying experience that goes beyond merely preparing a meal. It connects you with nature, engages all your senses, and transforms the act of cooking into a communal and celebratory event. The flavors and aromas of food cooked over an open flame are unique and often unattainable in a traditional kitchen, infusing the meal with the essence of the wild. From roasting marshmallows to slow-cooking a stew, the campfire provides a versatile platform for culinary creativity that can be as simple or as gourmet as you desire.

As an avid camper, I’ve come to love the ritual of campfire cooking for its ability to bring people together and create lasting memories. There’s a shared sense of accomplishment and joy in preparing and enjoying a meal in the open air, surrounded by the beauty of the natural world. The gentle crackling of the fire, the dance of the flames, and the satisfaction of creating something delicious with basic tools and raw ingredients remind us of our connection to the earth and to one another. It’s a practice that adds richness to the camping experience, turning a trip into an adventure and a meal into a feast.

Campfire Cooking Methods

As mentioned in step #8 above, one of the most important steps in campfire cooking is using the right cooking method. Below, we’ve assembled a list of our favorite methods for cooking over a campfire and what that method is best for. That way you can select the best option for your recipe and cooking style.

  1. Grilling Directly on the Grate: This method allows for direct heat cooking, perfect for foods that require a sear or char, such as steaks, burgers, and vegetables. It’s the closest to traditional grilling and offers an easy way to infuse smoky flavors into the food. If you don’t have a grate over your campfire, we recommend using something like a Wolf and Grizzly Set.
  2. Cast Iron Skillet Cooking: Utilizing a cast iron skillet on the campfire offers a stable and even cooking surface, making it ideal for sautéing, frying, or simmering. It’s great for dishes like eggs, pancakes, or stir-fries, where control over the cooking process is crucial.
  3. Dutch Oven Cooking: A Dutch oven is a heavy-duty pot that can be used for slow cooking, roasting, or even baking over a campfire. It’s perfect for stews, chili, and other slow-cooked meals that benefit from consistent heat and flavor melding.
  4. Foil Packets: Wrapping food in aluminum foil and placing it directly in the coals or on the grate creates a steamy cooking environment. This method is excellent for individual servings of fish, chicken, or mixed vegetables, allowing for customized flavors and easy cleanup.
  5. Roasting Sticks: Roasting sticks or skewers are ideal for cooking smaller items that benefit from direct exposure to the flame. They are best for marshmallows, hot dogs, or small kabobs, giving a hands-on and fun cooking experience that’s especially popular with kids.
  6. Slow Cooking: Placing a pot or other container near, but not directly over, the fire enables slow cooking. This method is wonderful for dishes that require gentle simmering and long cooking times without scorching, like soups, beans, or pulled meats. The controlled, slow heat brings out deep and complex flavors.

Related Post: How to Keep a Campfire Going All Night: 5 Easy Tips!

Meal Ideas for Campfire Cooking

For each cooking method above, here’s some recipe ideas and inspiration for something to cook using that method.

  1. Grilling Directly on the Grate Recipe Idea: – Campfire Grilled Chicken Fajitas: Marinate sliced chicken breasts and bell peppers in a fajita seasoning mix, and grill them directly on the grate (or on a grate cover) for a flavorful, charred taste that pairs perfectly with warm tortillas.
  2. Cast Iron Skillet Recipe Idea: Skillet Breakfast Hash – Cook diced potatoes, onions, peppers, sausage, and eggs in a cast iron skillet for a hearty campfire breakfast that fuels your outdoor adventure.
  3. Dutch Oven Recipe Idea: Campfire Dutch Oven Beef Stew – Slowly cook chunks of beef, carrots, potatoes, and onions in a rich broth inside a Dutch oven, allowing the flavors to meld into a comforting and filling stew.
  4. Foil Packets Recipe Idea: Lemon Garlic Shrimp Foil Packets – Wrap shrimp, sliced zucchini, lemon, garlic, and butter in individual foil packets and cook until the shrimp are pink and tender. This dish offers a fresh and personalized meal option.
  5. Roasting Stick Recipe Idea: S’mores – A classic campfire treat, roast marshmallows on sticks over the open flame, then sandwich them between graham crackers and chocolate for the perfect sweet ending to a day outdoors.
  6. Slow Cooking Recipe Idea – Campfire Bean and Bacon Soup: Place beans, vegetables, bacon, and herbs in a pot near the fire, allowing it to simmer slowly for hours. The result is a rich and flavorful soup that warms you from the inside out on a chilly camping night.


Cooking over a campfire is more than just a way to prepare food; it’s an experience that connects us to the traditions of our ancestors and the rhythms of nature. From the simplicity of roasting a marshmallow to the complexity of a slow-cooked stew, each method offers its own unique flavors and joys. Experimenting with different campfire cooking techniques can add new dimensions to your outdoor adventures and turn meal preparation into an exciting and rewarding part of your trip.

Whether you’re a seasoned outdoor chef or a camping novice, embracing the art of campfire cooking can elevate your culinary skills and enhance your connection to the wilderness. In the glow of a campfire, surrounded by the sounds and scents of the great outdoors, food takes on a new, delicious significance, and the act of cooking becomes a celebration of life’s simplest and most essential pleasures.

Frequently Asked Questions

How do you cook over a campfire without a grate?

Cooking over a campfire without a grate can be done by using methods like foil packet cooking, skewers, or using a cast-iron skillet or Dutch oven placed on rocks near the fire. These methods allow for direct or indirect heating of the food, and utilizing tools like flat rocks or tripods can also provide support and height adjustments for cooking without a grate. You could also use a cook set like Wolf and Grizzly.

Is it hard to cook over a campfire?

Cooking over a campfire can present unique challenges compared to cooking in a traditional kitchen, such as heat control and cooking surface stability. However, with the right tools, preparation, and practice, it can become a manageable and enjoyable part of the camping experience. Starting with simpler recipes and being mindful of safety precautions will help make the process more accessible.

What is the best way to cook over a campfire?

The best way to cook over a campfire depends on the type of food and the desired cooking method. Direct grilling on a grate or cooking in a cast-iron skillet provides a sear, while slow cooking in a Dutch oven or using foil packets offers a gentler heat. Experimenting with different methods based on the recipe and personal preferences will lead to finding the best way for each unique campfire cooking situation. Understanding the fire, being patient with heating, and using appropriate tools for the job are essential for success.

Why Trust Know Nothing Nomads?

Since 2017, Know Nothing Nomads has cemented itself as the “approachable experts” in everything camping, hiking, climbing, and adventuring in the Great Outdoors.

With over 60 years of experience in the outdoors, we don’t just talk about outdoor gear or recommend a good hiking trail.

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About The Author

Derek, Co-Founder at Know Nothing Nomads

My goal with my writing and Know Nothing Nomads as a whole is to share my passions of hiking, camping, and a love of the outdoors with our readers.

Making the difficult and uncertain feel more approachable to people that might not know enough to feel comfortable taking their first steps into the wilderness is a driving factor for me.

When I'm not writing you can find me on a trail, in a forest, or next to a river with hiking shoes on my feet and a fly rod somewhere close by.

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